Asociación entre personal de enfermería y resultados hospitalarios en pacientes – BioMed Central

The association between nurse staffing and hospital outcomes in injured patients

Abstract

Background

The enormous fiscal pressures facing trauma centers may lead trauma centers to reduce nurse staffing and to make increased use of less expensive and less skilled personnel. The impact of nurse staffing and skill mix on trauma outcomes has not been previously reported. The goal of this study was to examine whether nurse staffing levels and nursing skill mix are associated with trauma patient outcomes.

Methods

We used data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample to perform a cross-sectional study of 70,142 patients admitted to 77 Level I and Level II centers. Logistic regression models were used to examine the association between nurse staffing measures and (1) mortality, (2) healthcare associated infections (HAI), and (3) failure-to-rescue. We controlled for patient risk factors (age, gender, injury severity, mechanism of injury, comorbidities) and hospital structural characteristics (trauma center status – Level I versus Level II, hospital size, ownership, teaching status, technology level, and geographic region).

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2010 © Foro Latinoamericano Colaborativo en Calidad y Seguridad en Salud

Desarrollado por IECS (Instituto de Efectividad Clínica y Sanitaria)

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