A Program to Prevent Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection in Acute Care
Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common device-associated infection in hospitals. Both technical factors — appropriate catheter use, aseptic insertion, and proper maintenance — and socioadaptive factors, such as cultural and behavioral changes in hospital units, are important in preventing catheter-associated UTI.
The national Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program, funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, aimed to reduce catheter-associated UTI in intensive care units (ICUs) and non-ICUs. The main program features were dissemination of information to sponsor organizations and hospitals, data collection, and guidance on key technical and socioadaptive factors in the prevention of catheter-associated UTI. Data on catheter use and catheter-associated UTI rates were collected during three phases: baseline (3 months), implementation (2 months), and sustainability (12 months). Multilevel negative binomial models were used to assess changes in catheter use and catheter-associated UTI rates.
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